Friday, May 15, 2020
Simone McConnell Travel Paper 1 Hum 107-251W Ayala San Miguel de Allende is a historical city located in the state of Guanajuato, central Mexico. The city was founded and named in 1542 by a Franciscan monk named San Miguel El Grande, but after Mexico gained independence from Spain the city was renamed in 1826 to honor Ignacio Allende - a prominent hero in the revolution Ã¢â¬â and in 2008 the city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site (EncyclopÃ ¦dia Britannica, Ã¢â¬Å"San Miguel de AllendeÃ¢â¬ ). I plan to visit San Miguel de Allende with my boyfriend, Alex, from September 12th 2017 to September 18th 2017. Currently there are no U.S. travel advisories in place for this region of Mexico. IÃ¢â¬â¢m choosing to travel with my boyfriend mostly for fun, as I think it would be a waste to experience all of this culture alone. There are tons of art museums, historical sites, and even festivals that I would like to see and I just donÃ¢â¬â¢t think I would enjoy many of these activities alone. I chose these dates specifically becau se Mexican Independence Day falls on September 16th and I think it will be really fascinating to be in a city of extreme historical importance to this celebration while itÃ¢â¬â¢s happening. San Miguel de Allende has a fairly mild climate with typical seasonal periods though some have referred to it as Ã¢â¬Å"eternal springÃ¢â¬ (Levine). The hottest parts of the year usually happen between May and June, where temperatures can reach up to 100ÃÅ¡F, while winter lasts from December to FebruaryShow MoreRelatedJournal Entry : Summary And Articles1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof any topic quickly just by reading a summary. People also usually summarize everything; not only is summaries used in books but it is also used in movies and shows to give us a mini summery of what the movie or television show is mainly about without having to watch the whole movie or show. I know for myself, I have read up on a lot of summaries for previous televisions shows that I might have missed so that I ca n catch on to the present episodes. Summaries can also be used at work when you areRead MoreMeg Murry Should Be Granted Summary Judgement Essay909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMEG MURRY SHOULD BE GRANTED SUMMARY JUDGEMENT BECAUSE TO EFFECTIVELY ANALYSIS THE SUBSTAINAL SIMILARITIES BETWEEN BOOKS WHEN THE ELEMENTS UNDER SPECULATION ARE UNPROCTABLE; THE DISCERNING OBSERVER IS MOST APPROPRIATE. A motion for summary judgment may be granted by a district court when the similarity concerns only uncopyrightable elements of alleged infringed work or when no reasonable trier of fact could find the works substantially similar. (Castle, Walker) When the works contain both protectableRead MoreMemo for Motion Against Summary Judgment Essay2002 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesI. Introduction and Standard for Opposition to Summary Judgment Crowell Academy, Inc. and Arturo Gomez, (hereinafter, collectively Crowell) were grossly negligent and used willful misconduct in their responsibilities involving the fencing club. The bargaining power of Crowell was so grossly unequal so as to put Lajuana Barnett at the mercy of Crowells negligence. Lastly, the exculpatory clause contained in the release form (see release form) is void as against public policy. ConsequentlyRead MoreThe Case Lawsuit Filed Suit1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNow through undersigned counsel, come Defendant, Lauris Hollis (Defendant), who respectfully request that this Court grant their Motion for Summary Judgment dismissing the Plaintiff s claims against him. Defendant move this Court for a Summary Judgment on the grounds that the Plaintiff has no cause of action, no right of action or no interest in the plaintiff to institute the suit and it should be dismissed. UNDISPUTED MATERIAL FACTS 1. The Plaintiff filed suit on April 7, 2015, in LivingstonRead MoreThe Rock Towers On Her Property1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Like the defendant in Moore, Herrera is entitled to summary judgment as a matter of law in this action, because she could not have known or realized that the rock towers on her property would pose an unreasonable risk of death or serious bodily injury to Maria. HerreraÃ¢â¬â¢s private property is located in a remote location in Arizona where she allows adults to view her land art by appointment only. It is reasonably understandable that Herrera does not like uninvited or unwanted individuals on herRead MoreThe Work of the Magistrates Court and Magistrates Essays1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIf someone commits a criminal offence they must be brought before a magistrate as soon as possible. All summary offences are heard in the magistrates court. These are minor offences that can only be heard in the magistrates court. They are usually motoring offences but minor assaults and criminal charges of up to Ã £5000 are also summary offences. A summary offence is not required by law to be sent to a higher court for trial by jury. Other minor offences, such as shop-liftingRead MoreThe Oliver Versus Brock Case1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesE.C. Brock (Defendant) for negligence of care. Analyzing the facts in the affidavits are important in understanding what issues the court has to decide, and how the court decided those issues. The courtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to grant Dr. Brock a motion for summary judgment is supported by the general rule stated at 61 Am.Jur.2d and ARCP 56(e) which will be later discussed. Anita Oliver filed a suit, through her guardian ad litem Cathy Oliver, in which she alleged negligence of care occurred by the treatingRead MoreRyan Deluna. Independent Project. 1.Frequency Distribution973 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshow histograms can display frequency information, we use continuous variables and for this data pool I chose the height of the subjects. Summary statistics: Column n Mean Std. dev. Median Skewness Kurtosis Mode Variance Height 972 64.23251 2.8345109 64 0.068154871 0.5095206 64 8.0344518 This table helps provide more support from the histogram. The summary includes variance, mean, median, mode and standard deviation. As shown in the histogram majority of people in the data pool have a height ofRead MoreFinal Code Test : A Case Against A Suspect Is Based On The Full Code1208 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmade since it is a lower-level offending with minor incidents of criminal damage. (b) If I decide to prosecute Andrew for criminal damage, the magistrate court will try him for the offence. As magistrate court usually deals with cases known as Ã¢â¬Ësummary offencesÃ¢â¬â¢, i.e. minor criminal damage or being drunk and disorderly. Under the Criminal Damage Act 1971 section 1(1) on destroying or damaging property, it is quoted that Ã¢â¬Å"A person without lawful excuse destroys and damages any property belongingRead MoreThe Court Of Appeals Affirmed The Dismissal1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesarchitectural work means the outcome would unlikely change even if the litigation proceeded. As noted in Attia and Oravec discussed supra, even when litigation proceeds in cases involving complex structures, the plaintiff is unlikely to survive a motion for summary judgment. B. WHAT DOES IT TAKE FOR THE PLAINTIFF TO SUCCEED? As seen, it is exceedingly difficult for a plaintiff to prove infringement unless the defendant copied the plans verbatim. Nevertheless, these cases suggest that it may be possible
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Entwistle addresses the concept of the two directions psychology and theology. He addresses the two concepts by bringing in other scholarly professors information and principally integrating it with Christianity. Entwistle description at the beginning of the book was very enlightening. Ã¢â¬Å"The scenario of Ã¢â¬Å"a walk in the woods,Ã¢â¬ (Entwistle, 2010, p.3) is a psychological theory for life choices. According to Entwistle, he describes the uniqueness that each counselor can bring to their practice. On the one hand, Entwistle uses the scenario where one path divides into two, psychology and theology which he compares to Ã¢â¬Å"the fork in the roadÃ¢â¬ (Entwistle, 2010, p.3). Eventually, these two paths connect and loop back onto the same path. He used this scenario to rationally integrate psychology and Christianity. On the other hand, a secular counselor would use the same scenario to guide a client into making right choices in life. This book can help readersÃ¢â¬â ¢ see the relationships between personal beliefs and learned experiences. (Entwistle, 2010). Entwistle made it clear in his book, that you have people who uses GodÃ¢â¬â¢s word for their convenience. He closely connected Christianity and psychology. Yet mentioned the history of Christianity and the social sciences where Christians see no connection to religion and psychology. In his book, he also talks about the allies and the enemies in favor of the cannon of church dogma.Ã¢â¬ (Entwistle, 2010). He has developed an elaborate framework toShow MoreRelatedComparing Adams with Backus and Chapian1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheory Comparisons 1 Comparing and Contrasting CrabbÃ¢â¬â¢s Effective Biblical Counseling with Hawkins Model For Guiding The Counseling Process Craig L. Rich Counseling 507 Dr. Evans Liberty University August 27, 2012 Comparing Theories 2 In this paper, I will discussing CrabbÃ¢â¬â¢s Effective Biblical Counseling (1977) and the Hawkins Model for GuidingRead MoreEssay about 4-Mat Review Entwistle1220 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages4-MAT Review of Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity Shelby Peters Liberty University 4-MAT Review of Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity Summary In his book Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, David N. Entwistle explores the necessity of integrating psychology and Christianity, the worldview issues, philosophical foundations, models of integration and discusses the difficulty inRead MorePsychology And Christianity Second Edition By David Entwistle1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSUMMARY The book Integrative approaches to psychology and Christianity second edition by David Entwistle introduces the text by explaining how psychology can go in a direction, and Christian theology approach can lead in a different direction. He continued by stating the need for understanding and studying human behavior because people come from different walks of life and different expectations. It leads us to form unique perspectives to help give us an understanding of the individuals you encounterRead MoreRene Descartes (1596-1650), A Philosopher Of The 17Th Century,878 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdistinguished from the body. Thus, Ã¢â¬Å"DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s most important contribution to the development of modern psychology was his attempt to resolve the centuries-old controversy about the mind-body problemÃ¢â¬ (30). The essential question being are the mind and body distinct from one another? Ã¢â¬Å"Before Descartes, the accepted theory was that the interaction between mind and body flowed p rimarily in one directionÃ¢â¬ (31), meaning that the mind could expend vast influence on the body, yet the body had little to no influenceRead MoreTheory Critique of Crabb and Hawkins Essay826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheory Critique of Crabb and Hawkins Jeremy Poling Liberty University Integration Dr. Crabb suggests that there are four viewpoints to integrating spirituality and psychology. The first being Ã¢â¬Å"Separate but EqualÃ¢â¬ This viewpoint ascertains that psychology and spirituality do not mix any more than if a person needs a filling for a cavity or the excising of their wisdom teeth, they do not peruse the scripture for direction the person goes to a dentist. This view is not solid for its veryRead MoreThe Transformational Psychology View, By Coe And Hall Essay1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Transformational Psychology view, by Coe and Hall, believes how we live out our Christianity is more important than our understanding of how to think Ã¢â¬Å"Christianly.Ã¢â¬ Its an approach that states psychology is an act of doing love. It emphasizes learning, practicing, and living psychological science through the Spirit. The goal is not to relate aspects of science to faith, rather to transform science into an actual act of faith. The transformational view offers a nd values the idea of soul care forRead MoreComparison Paper of Dr. Larry CrabbÃ¢â¬â¢s Effective Biblical Counseling2726 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesFulfillment of the Requirements for the Course, Theology and Spirituality in Counseling PACO 507 - D05 Name of Student: John Santiago Student ID: L24473755 Class: PACO 507-D05 LUO InstructorÃ¢â¬â¢s Name: Dr. Marcus Tanner, LMFTA Date Submitted: 03/20/2014 Summary Dr. CrabbÃ¢â¬â¢s book Ã¢â¬Å"Effective Biblical Counseling: a Model for Helping Caring Christians Become Capable Counselors,Ã¢â¬ (Crabb, 1997), breaks problematic areas up into two categories. The first categories are those resultingRead MoreChristian Counseling and Secular Psychology 1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheory Critique In our fast passed and ever changing society, personal experiences built up over time and often make life difficult to deal with over time. Everyone has their own prospective on what is important and how they will tackle various problems they face from day to day. It is the responses to our harsh environment and experiences that can often manifest into feelings such as: anxiety, resentment and possibly guilt (Crabb, 1977). It is those that have negative experiences in life thatRead MoreCurb Comparison Paper 1- Effective Biblical Counseling1995 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages 201520 Spring 2015 PACO 507-D02 LUO Theology and Spirituality in Counseling By Shonda M. Curb March 26, 2015 Comparison Paper 1 In Effective Biblical Counseling the author, Larry Crabb (1977), develops a biblical counseling model designed to assist the Christian counselor. The purpose of this comparison paper is to detail the model of the author through several segments that expound on the foundational constructs and implications of the authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ theory. Following the summary, this paper willRead MoreAn Evaluation Of The Homeless Call Center874 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdirects people to the different agencyÃ¢â¬â¢s that could benefit them. For example, military veterans have a special shelter that works to fit their specific needs. This agencyÃ¢â¬â¢s field area is for youth and teenagers. In PreciousÃ¢â¬â¢ case, she is 16 and has two young children; she is going to need special help with being a young single mother. We can also offer services more common for minors in this group, such as having a lawyer who does pro bono legal services for emancipation cases. Jean Piaget pioneered
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
European Imperialism in Africa Essay During the mid 1800s Britain and other European countries started to colonize and control in other such ways the vast land of Africa. For four hundred years, Africa managed to keep out Europeans out except the 10% of Africa on the coast because of the inability of them to venture into the depths of Africa. The Europeans wanted natural resources, strategic ports for navies and trade, workers, and other such things. They dominated the countries economically, socially, and politically. They controlled the countries as protectorates, colonies, and economically. The Europeans also used the white mans burden of thinking they have to help everyone because whites are superior, racism, paternalism, and assimilation. The Europeans used their advances and advantages against the natives of Africa. The Africans only had spears and primitive weapons to defend themselves but for instance, the Europeans had recently acquired the Maxim gun and many other weapon advantages. Thus if Africans resisted against Europeans, the chances are that they wont win. Except in the example where a large group of Muslims destroyed a 10,000 men battalion of British soldiers on route to evacuate Khartoum of Egyptians. Also once Europeans had steamboats, they could go upstream on rivers such as the Nile into the depths of Africa. When in Africa, the Europeans used their advances in industrialization as being used to having more industry so they industrialized Africa to meet their imperialistic goals. The Europeans where very racist against the natives of Africa. They believed that they were the superior race. Europeans treated the natives of countries like they were children and couldnt run their countries by themselves. Industrialization was a norm for Europeans. When they saw the unindustrialized African countries, they thought it was queer so, with the help of the White Mans Burden, they industrialized African countries. They imposed their cultures on the natives. Thus many cultures were lost in the age of European imperialism. This action is called assimilation. The French supported this view. It failed for the French so they let the natives practice their own ways of doing things but viewed it as inferior to the French way of doing things. They Europeans regarded themselves, as superior to everyone else so believed they had to help the natives by controlling them. This is true to an extent. For example, when they controlled a country as a protectorate, they helped the country by controlling it to protect it from danger from enemies. Also, Europeans sometimes underestimated the natives of Africa. An example from the Khartoum event illustrates this point. The British felt that they didnt really have anything to worry about but the Mahdis men eventually took control of Khartoum. In all the Europeans felt superior to the native of African countries in every aspect. The natives of countries didnt like how the Europeans treated them. They did like the benefits of what the Europeans did for their country. Of which include improving schools and hospitals, putting that particular country on the map because of trade, and improving the way of living for the natives. Although good things happened, many bad things happened also. The Natives culture diminished, jobs were lost, disease, famine, and unemployment. The natives of countries at first liked the Europeans for what they were doing for them but eventually had a revelation and could see what the Europeans were doing to them. King Menelik II played the Italians, the British and the French against each other so Ethiopia remained free. This proves that the natives didnt like the Europeans in Africa. Also Siam used the French and the British against each other. This was done so Britain and France where both trying to keep each other out of the same place. Thus his country remained free. Then they didnt like the Europeans even for all the good things that came of the European presence in Africa. Colorado River (4580 words) Essay In the long run, Europeans won Africa because of the advances in technology from industrialization in their countries. They felt that they had to control the natives to help them because of how they felt about them. Because of all of the racism toward the natives from the Europeans, they the natives did .
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
Outline and Evaluate Paper Feminism is a movement for women trying to get equal rights for themselves. Feminism first emerged in the late 60s, but women as early as the beginning of the 20-century, called the Suffragette movement tried to get the vote for women. The Feminism movement of the 60s and especially feminist sociologists were critical of sociology, for ignoring gender issues and women and research being malestream. And so feminists took it upon themselves to open up new research other than that of research by men focusing on men. The new areas of research by women were taken into the work place, education and health. The womens liberation Movement in the early 60s founded the feminist perspective and had 7 aims such as: equal pay, equal education and job opportunities, 24-hour nurseries, free contraception and abortion, legal and financial independence for women. And end to discrimination against lesbians and the right of all women to define their own sexuality and an end to all the laws, assumptions and institutions that perpetuate male dominance and mens aggression towards women. These 7 aims led to research into institutions such as the work place and education system to work out what could be done. Early feminists are critical of malestream research in sociology. They argue that a lot of important sociological research is focused on men, this is called malestream sociology. Feminist research has contributed to the research into the position of women in society. In this research the key concepts developed are gender, ideology and patriarchy, and gender in particular will come across in all topics of research. An example of malestream and recent feminist approach to research is in sociology of deviance. We will write a custom essay sample on Outline and Evaluate specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Outline and Evaluate specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Outline and Evaluate specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The traditional malestream approach focused on juvenile delinquency, football hooliganism and other predominantly male deviance while the feminist approach looks at the crime against women such as domestic and sexual assaults and the victims of crime, not the criminals. More relevant to todays society is the research in education, in the early 60s through to early 90s girls always did worse than boys in school, and so feminists took it upon themselves to research why girls did worse than boys. Research by Dale Spender (1983) Invisible Women The schooling scandal. Showed that schools reinforce gender inequalities, her evidence was that the boys received 60% of the attention. Jane French (86) said socialisation of the children is the problem, they are conditioned to except roles. Sue sharp (76) Just like a girl Research suggested secondary education was to blame for the gender gap and sexism. All this research by feminists has made the central government focus on the inequalities in education. Nowadays more attention and effort is given to girls on achieving, GCSEs and A level coursework favours girls and now girls are doing better than boys. This is shown in Sue Sharps re-study (90) showed that fewer women were conforming to stereotypes, suggesting that the sexism and gender gap in education is becoming smaller. This shows that research by feminists can actually strongly benefit the women of society and contribute to sociology. Sociology would class that there are 3 main feminist perspectives, Liberalism, Marxist and Radical. While feminists would argue there are 7 main feminist perspectives, which also include Feminist Marxist, Materialist, Socialist and Black. These 7 feminist approaches have all contributed to sociological research by researching different aspects of society. Marxist feminists regard the economic position of women as crucial to their oppression. Veronica Beechey (1977) regard womens position in the family makes them a special target for capitalist exploitation- women still seen as primarily unpaid homemakers dependant on husbands finance. Research such as this has led to government handing out financial aid to women of families, which gives women money directly, which they can spend when they need it. Christine Delphy (1984) is a materialist feminist rather than a Marxist feminist because she claims Marxism cannot explain womens oppression; Karl Marx sees a genderless proletariat and does not pay enough attention to women. She uses the Marxist method but alters the content of its theories. She says there are two modes of production: industrial and domestic. The latter leads to patriarchal exploitation and the formation of two classes: men and women in which the man exploits his wife for sexual and domestic services. He dominates and controls. Women are domestic slaves. So Christine Delphy would argue that research has highlighted the problem but know we need to do something about it. The feminist contribution to sociological research has been strong. It has pointed out patriarchy in the home, and in society and education and in research it self. Black feminists would argue that feminist theory as a whole lacks concern and relevance to black women, they see the feminist theory has been about western women ignoring third world women. And so the Black feminist movement has led to research for black women and a greater awareness of the inequalities black women face around the world. In all the feminism has contributed a lot to sociological research, as originally research just focused on males, but now 50% of all research focuses on women as well which allows sociology to be more relevant to society. Evidence to show that feminists have contributed to sociological research is in the education institution. Before research on girls in education, boys were doing much better at exams, but since the research on girls in education. Girls are doing much better than boys in exams, which shows that the research actually helped people and is relevant to society. But now the question is, is the feminist contribution to research still relevant, as the research already done highlights the problems for females in society. But the answer is yes as we need the research to show that we are not converting back to a patriarchy society, and that we are still striking a balance in research and not being malestream.
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Is It Ethically Correct to Hide Medication in Food and Drinks of Patients with Dementia Essays Is It Ethically Correct to Hide Medication in Food and Drinks of Patients with Dementia Essay Is It Ethically Correct to Hide Medication in Food and Drinks of Patients with Dementia Essay It is known that in some residential homes the use of covert drugs has become common practice. In 2001 the regulatory body, the United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery, said drugs could be given covertly if it was in the patients best interests. This statement has created a lot of debate among some human right defenders as they might enter in direct conflict to the Code of Conduct of Nursing and Midwifery where clearly states nurses must Ã¢â¬Å"Ensure to gain consent before beginning any treatment or care. (Code of Practice, Mental Health Act 1983) This has generated some ethical issues around this topic. The term Ã¢â¬Ëcovert medicationÃ¢â¬â¢ means to give medication secretly hidden in food or beverages, without consent from patients. For some this practice seems far less intrusive than administering injectable medication by physically restraining a person who does not want to be medicated. It will be undetected by the person receiving the me dication.According to the Alzheimers Society there are approximately half a million people living with dementia in England. Dementia is not a specific disease. Dementia is a progressive, degenerative disease of the brain that affects multiple brain functions to the point that affect daily life activities (driving, shopping, balancing a checkbook, working, etc. ) and relationships. While dementia often includes memory loss, memory loss by itself does not mean that a person has dementia. http://memory. ucsf. edu/Education/general. html, 12-02-09) A number of different disorders can cause dementia. AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease is the most common in older adults. Some people with the disease can develop aggression and have violent verbalisations, their behaviour can become more and more abnormal, making it difficult for the care professionals to deliver the quality of care as to follow the treatment they need.Residential homes are full of cases of people living with different conditions: Hypertension, arthritis, osteoarthritis, diabetes, heart disease etc. Medication needs to be given in a daily basis. The problem strives when patients are unable to take a decision due to some form of mental illness like dementia. Establishing any racional conversation it is not possible and some of them would not know where they are or who they are. Their condition makes them feel frustrated very easily, specially if they are not taking the prescribed medication.They can become dangerous for themselves as they might try to attempt self harm, attack the nurses or attack other residents. Even if the situation does not develop in physical agression, people with dementia could shout, scream unpleasant words to people around them, making the environment unbearable not only for them but also for others. These cases are very common in many institutions and it seems like a burden for the nurses whom in some cases are seen more like babysitters.Alison Norman president of United Kingdom Cent ral Consul has said publishing guidelines was important, as it would bring the Ã¢â¬Å"complex issue outÃ¢â¬ into the open and thus reassure both patients and medical staff. BBC news 05-09-2001. These guidelines has been made to assist the registered nurses to come into terms to a decision as to whether to administer the medicines under certain circumstances or not. They have been told to treat each patient as an individual case and to follow this practice as the last resource, it should not become part of a daily routine with all patients.Professional carers of patients with dementia has found this a justified way to approach patients who are not capable of consenting to treatment and it is intended to ensure that individuals refusing treatment as a result of their illness will have access to effective medical treatment. This issue has provoked widespread concern. It involves the fundamental principles of patient and client autonomy and consent to treatment, which are set out in common law and statute and underpinned by the Human Rights Act 1998.Human rights defenders like Aberdonian Hunter Watson have stated the practice of Ã¢â¬Å"covert medication contravenes patientÃ¢â¬â¢s human rightsÃ¢â¬ . He began raising questions after his mother was sedated without her consent at a nursing home in the city, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s very, very convenient for staff at care homes to conceal drugs in the food and drink of residents, not for therapeutic problems but to make the residents easier to manage. Ã¢â¬ (http://news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/scotland/7023097. stm, 13-02-2009) Mr Watson is known for campaigning about Ã¢â¬Å"covert medicationÃ¢â¬ in care homes.In residential settings, tranquillising medication might be seen as a cheap means of managing inadequate staffing levels as well as to ensure a quiet shift, but for those who are in favour of this approach argue that it is an essential and least restrictive means of managing unpredictable, violent outbursts again st staff and fellow patients. Some might question this practice, who has the right to force someone to take a drug without her or his knowledge? , Do we know whether a patient is refusing treatment or is mentally unable to make that decision for themselves?And could the guidelines encourage busy or less scrupulous nurses to take the quick way out? Treatment administered in food or drink should never be given to patients who are clearly refusing to accept treatment and have capacity to consent according to Mental Health Act 1983 whereas treatment for those who lack capacity may be prescribed in their best interests under the common law doctrine of necessity, and thus necessary to save life or prevent deterioration or ensure an improvement in the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s physical or mental health (Department of Health Welsh Office, 1999).For some people these new guidelines enter in direct conflict to the Code of Conduct of Nursing and Midwifery 2008 where clearly states nurses must : Ã¢â¬Å "Ensure to gain consent before beginning any treatment or care. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Respect and support peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s rights to accept or decline treatment and care. Ã¢â¬ There are not easy answers in a overburden healthcare system where work load and time pressure put staff on the constant strain. The new guidelines aim to protect patients and their families from unethical practices and a more realistic solution to help healthcare professionals to safely care for atients who refuse to take their medicines. Whether in hospital or in residential care homes vulnerable patient specially the elderly have been missing out on vital care because they are confused. All adults have the right to refuse treatment but when a patient is mentally ill and unable to understand, medical staff needs some way of legitimately helping them. When the patients condition deteriorates it is not only sedatives that are given this way.A diabetic patient or a patient with a heart condition who also has dementi a may refuse to take any medication and their conditions will deteriorate. A patient with severe major depression by taking camouflaged drugs could prevent him from undergoing to an electro convulsive therapy which could potentially put his life in danger. United Kingdom Psychiatric Pharmacy Group has stated that the pharmacy department should be consulted about what way the medication will be administered to the patients whether in food or drink. ukppg. org. k/tablets-in-food. html (accessed 20-02-2009) The decision to covert medication in food or drinks means that it will have to be in the patient best interest and it wont be an isolated decision, Other people views will also be taken into account; anyone previously named by the patient as someone to be consulted, anyone engaged in caring for the person, close relatives, friends or others who take an interest in the personÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare, as well for the multidisciplinary health care team, but where doubt exists a second medica l opinion will be sought.Whichever way they played it could be deemed as not acting in the best interest of the patient if they do give the covert medication in food could be seen as innappropiate and if they do not give the medication in disguise it could also be seem as innappropiate and not acting in their best interest of the patient, but medication is essential if a patient has been prescribed with some medicine and its unable to make a decision he stills needs to take it.Camouflaging medicines is arguably a kind way of giving them to distressed elderly patients.Referencehttp://news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/scotland/7023097. stm.http://news. bbc. co. uk/1/hi/health/1525381. stm
Monday, February 24, 2020
Advertising Campaign of McDonalds - Case Study Example and social issues.First of all, there was a rapid upsurge of public interest to the healthy lifestyle,and together with this tendency there was one more - McDonald's was gradually becoming a symbol of unhealthy eating that causes problems with health and obesity.At the end of the XXth century, Atkin's Diet gained a great amount of adherents,and it also affected the reputation of the fast-food giant, as people were becoming increasingly more concerned as for the volume of fat and carbohydrates,and in number of calories in their everyday meals, and surely, Big Macs, hamburgers,soft drinks with lots of sugar and French fries proved to be 'champions' as far as the content of 'bad' calories was concerned.Though the companies that were competing with McDonald's could not boast to serve healthier food, yet because McDonald's was the most popular chain of fast food restaurants,it played a trick on the company making it a 'collective' symbol embodying all the negative sides of eating junk. It cannot be overlooked that with the world's businesses becoming global and the emergence of various anti-global movements that blame multinational corporations for exploiting people and affecting the economy of the developing countries, McDonald's has also become a symbol of 'the world's corporate evil' that attempts to 'catch' the entire planet into its 'vicious net'. In 2002, the American president G.W. Bush started an anti-obesity campaign that included propagating healthy food among schoolchildren and their parents, and in the course of this campaign the direct connection between eating junk food and obesity was being pinpointed. As a result, there was a significant decrease in the number of McDonald's customers, and many of its restaurants were closed. It was also stressed that there had been a decrease in the number of young people visiting McDonald's, and as soon as the company's analysts noticed that the ratio of teenagers and young people among their customers was decreasing, 'I'm lovin' it' advertising campaign was launched. Taking into account all the above said, this new advertising campaign was meant to enhance the image of McDonald's so that to deal with the crisis the company found itself in. In contrast to the 2001-2002 campaign that targeted mainly children and family audiences ('Happy Meal', Ronald McDonald, playgrounds for children, toys, balloons, birthday parties etc.), the new global task for McDonald's was to attract young people and teenagers. McDonald's advertising campaign whose slogan has become 'I'm lovin' it' was launched in 2003, and proved to be a significant breakthrough as far as the company's branding is concerned. This slogan
Saturday, February 8, 2020
Criteria for Market Segmentation - Term Paper Example In recent years studies have been made to refine these demographic variables so that they can be more effectively used. Example of the companies who make effective use of demographic segmentation are Lego, Toys Ã¢â¬ËRÃ¢â¬â¢ Us, and the early learning centre who not only recognize the differences between children of various age group but also design their products for highly specific defined age categories (Richard M. S. Wilson, 2005). Age segmentation is an important tool for segmenting the consumer market. A variety of terms are used to refer to various age groups. Examples are newborns, infants, young children, tweens, teens and young adults also called Generation Y in United States of America (USA), Adults or Generation X and the baby boomers or the Seniors. Various studies have been conducted which age group consume exactly how much and has influence on how much consumption. For example in USA the total population of tween, the children aged 9-12, this age group spend $20 bil lion in an year and further influence the consumption of $ 200 billion. To cater to their needs brands like Limited design clothes that are more fun like teens. In this each age segment has different specific need in everything ranging from basics like food and clothing to entertainment etc (Charles W. Lamb, 2010). Sex is another important market segmentation tool that helps in helps designing the product and services according to the specific need of the consumer. The segmentation on the basis of gender is most useful in clothing, apparels, and accessories etc. The most evident example is completely different range of toiletries and perfumes for males and females. Now a days gender segmentation is even visible in mobile phones with varying skins for each gender. A common basis of segmenting the consumer market is income. Income is an important determinant of consumption pattern. Companies design their product features, define prices and determine positioning strategy based on the i ncome of the target market. Example of this segmentation is HLL different washing powders sunlight, Wheel, Rin and Surf Ultra for different market segments based on income (Saxena, 2008) Profession and education are also important determinants of market segment. Education level defines taste not only in books but various other consumer goods. For example highly technical and multiple featured mobile phones are popular among highly educated people whereas basic phones are more popular in less educated people that fulfill their needs. Young executives and business professional also prefer multi features internet enabled cell phones that can cater to their mobility needs. Family size and marital status also defines consumption patterns. Single male and females spend more on their personal needs such as slimming equipment, cosmetics items etc and prefer fast food (Johan Botha, 2004). Nationality and religion also play an important role. For example Hall food for Muslims and Kocher for J ews is an important segment. Nationality also defines our tastes in food, clothing and preferences for entertainment etc. Geographical Segmentation Geographic based segmentation splits the market on the physical location of the potential consumers. This segmentation is based on the assumption that consumer living in close geographic proximity has some similarities in their needs and preferences f